Health and Your Puppy
Feeding your puppy ADVANCE™
ADVANCE™ is a range of super premium foods for dogs for all different lifestages, lifestyles and special needs.
All ADVANCE™ products in both dry and wet formats are made here in Australia and offer excellent digestibility, proven through non invasive feeding studies.
The recipes all deliver guaranteed palatability and contain no artificial colours.
As additional proof of our confidence in the performance of our products, all the ADVANCE™ range offers an unconditional 100 per cent money-back guarantee.
From birth to about 3 or 4 weeks of age, mothers' milk should satisfy your puppy's nutritional needs. After this time, puppies start taking an interest in solid foods. These need to be highly palatable, easy to eat and contain appropriate levels of high quality nutrients to ensure optimal development rates.
ADVANCE™offers a range of innovative growth products suitable for puppies of all breeds from weaning to maturity. All products are complete and balanced and have carefully controlled calcium to phosphorus ratios for proper bone and teeth development. There is no need to use any supplements - indeed this could be harmful. If you are thinking of using a supplement, you should consult your vet first.
After leaving its mother and moving into your home, or even during a change in diet, your puppy may develop an upset stomach or diarrhoea. If diarrhoea develops and persists for more than 24 hours, or becomes severe, consult your vet immediately. If you are changing to feeding ADVANCE™, introduce the diet gradually over about 4 days.
The feeding routine for your puppy will depend on age, breeds and individual characteristics but, until they are about 4 months of age you should divide your puppy's recommended daily feed amount into 4 meals fed during the day. This can be reduced 3 meals per day up to 6 months of age. After this time it can be offered 2 meals per day until maturity.
Your Puppy's Health
Taking your puppy to the vet for regular checks is an important part of ensuring they have good ongoing health. Your vet will undertake thorough health checks and look for common problems and signs of any other potential health problems. By having a good schedule with your vet you are assured piece of mind. It's just the same with making sure you have your car serviced regularly- taking your puppy to the vet for a check-up will ensure your puppy is in top condition.
When you are at the vet they will generally provide good advice on:
- dental health
- keeping nails short
- coat care
- looking after their paws
- ongoing worm treatment and vaccination
- or any other issues that concern you.
Your puppy will probably have received regular worming treatment before leaving the breeder, and perhaps the first of a series of vaccinations to protect it from potentially fatal diseases. Make sure you obtain a copy of your puppy's vaccination certificate and worming routine and take this with you when you visit your vet. It will help you both keep track of where you are with these important health tasks and if necessary rectify any vaccinations that may need to be done.
If your pup has not been vaccinated, it's important to get it done as soon as possible to ensure your puppy is not susceptible to any disease risk that may be present. Keeping current with vaccinations will help to avoid your puppy contracting any major infections.
The most important thing to remember is if you are ever unsure about anything to do with your puppy's health, contact your veterinarian. They will usually be more than happy to discuss any of your concerns and can often help to lay your mind to rest.
While most of us take good care of our own teeth, it is easy to forget that our canine companions also need regular dental care.
The most effective way to help keep your puppy's teeth in good condition is to encourage them to chew. Giving your puppy something to chew on not only helps strengthen their teeth, it also helps brush away any build-up of plaque and tartar which, if left untreated, can cause gum disease.
Most Pet stores and Vet clinics stock products that encourage chewing and are specifically designed to reduce plaque and help to freshen breath. Some pet outlets even stock special toothbrushes and toothpaste to help keep your puppy's teeth sparkling and white. Do not use human toothpaste, as the flouride can be toxic and the foaming agents can cause gastritis.
If you are concerned about the condition of your puppy's teeth, talk to your vet who can check for signs of gum disease and recommend a suitable treatment.
Similar to people, puppies begin life with one set of teeth, lose them and grow a second and final set that remains with them for life. Depending on the breed, most puppies start to lose their 'milk' or 'deciduous teeth' at four to five months old.
Permanent adult teeth replace the milk teeth. This process is usually complete by seven months of age, although there are variations among breeds. Any deciduous teeth that are not shed naturally can damage the permanent teeth so it is a good idea to talk to your vet about having these removed.
As with babies, the teething period can be a difficult time for both of you. Your puppy may drool and be grouchy and will want to chew on anything in sight to relieve the discomfort, but remember the teething period is a natural and temporary stage in its life.
Trimming your puppy's claws in an important part of maintaining it's health and well being.
Excessively long claws can be painful for your dog to walk on and can even cause it to slip on smooth surfaces such as floor boards or tiles.
Similar to grooming, trimming your pup's claws can be a great opportunity to spend time together and, if done carefully, your puppy will learn to love these sessions.
Special dog nail clippers are available from most pet stores so you can trim your puppy's claws at home (for a smaller dog, use cat nail scissors). If your puppy has lighter coloured claws, you should be able to see the pink quick inside.
Try to cut the tip of the claw, being careful not to cut the quick. If your puppy has darker claws and you can't see the quick, just clip small bits at a time. As you approach the quick, the dry, flaky centre of the claw will appear darker and shiny. If you don't feel confident clipping the claws yourself, get your vet or a professional groomer to show you how.
One of the most important responsibilities of puppy ownership is making sure your puppy's vaccinations are up to date. Without them, your puppy is susceptible to life-threatening diseases. Vaccination requirements are:
PUPPIES - at six weeks old for Distemper, Hepatitis and Parvovirus..
At 10-12 weeks for Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, Canine Cough
Some times, your veterinarian may advise a different program and different vaccines depending on your individual puppies circumstances
ADULT DOGS - annual boosters for Distemper, Hepatitis, Parvovirus, and Canine Cough.
Depending on where you bought your puppy, it may have already received the first in a series of vaccinations. If so, make sure you obtain a copy of your puppy's vaccination certificate (and worming routine) and take them with you when you visit your vet. If your puppy has not yet been vaccinated you should arrange for it to be done as soon as possible.
Dogs need to be wormed regularly to remove parasitic worms that live in the intestine. Puppies should be treated for roundworm and hookworm every two weeks until three months of age, using drops or tablets. After this, all dogs should be treated for roundworm, hookworm, whipworm and tapeworm once every three months. We recommend consulting your vet to discuss a treatment regime best suited to your puppy.
Heartworm is transmitted by mosquitoes, and treatment can be expensive and very involved, so it is certainly preferable to prevent infection. Adult dogs may need to be tested by a vet before starting a heartworm prevention program.
Fleas and ticks are most prevalent during the warmer months and a combination of products is usually required to treat them. Your vet can recommend the most suitable approach for your situation. Remember to treat not only the adult fleas visible on the dog and any other pets, but also the flea larvae and eggs in the surrounding environment. If you live in an area where ticks are a problem, your dog should be checked daily throughout the summer. If you find a tick, consult your vet immediately for advice.
*This parasite treatment information relates to Australian conditions only. We recommend consultation with your vet for individual requirements in all other countries.
Dogs and bitches may be more suitable as pets if desexed, and are generally healthier. Your puppy, male or female, should be desexed at around six months of age unless you have a valid reason for wishing to breed.